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Need help in Colorado

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9:27 pm
September 13, 2009


Fort Collins, CO

Guest

posts

Hello,

Glad to on board, I was hoping to get with someone in Colorado about law of arrest and use of force for security officers. I am a police officer, and I have a good understanding of what cops can do, just not what security officers can do, above and beyond that of a normal citizen.

1:50 pm
September 14, 2009


Calmo2000

New Member

posts 0

Welcome Jeff!

I am retired law enforcement out of California and am now in Missouri, so I had to research the arrest laws for Missouri as well.

Hopefully someone on this site will have the Colorado information for you, if not I suggest you check with your State Department of Public Safety.

Again welcome aboard.

12:24 am
September 24, 2009


Guest

posts

jeff bruce said:

Hello,

Glad to on board, I was hoping to get with someone in Colorado about law of arrest and use of force for security officers. I am a police officer, and I have a good understanding of what cops can do, just not what security officers can do, above and beyond that of a normal citizen.


I am in CO but don't have an answer for you. The safety team at our church has been operating as "normal citizens" with CCW although under the direction of church leadership. My question would be what defines a "security officer" under CO law? Is that a status a church security team should or could fall under?

2:31 pm
November 10, 2009


Guest

posts

I am in Colorado and we have had a security team in place at our church for about a year now. I don't believe there is a definition of security guard in Colorado as in other states. We run our team as individuals "hanging out" at the church. We use business radios and church staff are plugged in as well during services. We have written procedures and have had them reviewed with local police so they are fully aware that we are armed and know what to expect from us. We have also worked with fire and medical early responders and they have updated their records as well. We are now looking at how to keep up with training and have secured a local firearms training company to help us. There's still a lot of work to do but we know that our efforts are working based on feedback from our emergency responders and other pastors in the area.

4:17 pm
December 2, 2009


brathbun

Guest

My name is Bill, I live in Colorado Springs and have worked as a contract security officer and Colo. Corrections officer and now work part-time as a free lance paralegal. My church is in the process of developing a safety and security team, I have done extensive research on this subject. Below is a link to the status of private security in the State of Colorado and a copy of a e-mail from the City Clerk office of the City of Colorado Springs. Private security is not regulated at the state level and only regulated in 8 local areas as identified by DORA – Colorado Department of Regulatory Agencies see below link

http://www.dora.state.co.us/OPR/archive/2006privatesecuritycompaniesandguards.pdf

Every property owner has the legal right to protect their own property and to use reasonable force to protect that property or their own lives.

SECURITY SERVICES: As defined by the Cith Code of the Cith of Colorado Springs. Those services which include, but are not limited to, the prevention of burglary, robbery, theft, shoplifting, criminal mischief, arson, assault or trespass and the observation, investigation, detection and/or reporting of incidents to prevent or deter any unlawful or unauthorized activity, the control, regulation or direction of the flow or movements of persons on private property, whether by vehicle, by foot or otherwise. (Ord. 98-71; Ord. 01-42; Ord. 08-64)

A security officer is a person who may be a volunteer or paid employee who is appointed to provide security services for the property owner and as such is a agent of the owner and is afforded all the legal rights bestowed to the owner.

An arrest can be defined as the restraint of a persons freedom of locamotion by either verbal commands or by physical force.

The powers of arrest for security officers are that of private citizens no more no less. The power to arrest is a legal right not a legal duty outlined in one or more of Colorado Revised Statutes. (C.R.S. 18-1-703, 704, 705, 706, and 707). Warning the make my day law applies only to home owners and not to business owners. Colorado Revised statutes can be found at the following link http://www.michie.com/colorado/lpext.dll?f=templates&fn=main-h.htm&cp=

What this means is that even if you witness a crime you can allow the person to flee the area, you are not required to arrest the person as police are required to do.

A security officers can not arrest a person on misdemeanor offenenses unless they personaly witness the act.

Security officers may arrest a person for a felony if they did not witness the crime only if they have actual knowledge that a felony crime happened and has a reasonable belief the person being arrested commited the crime.

Reasonable belief is not the same thing as suspecting some one. Reasonable belief requires supporting facts of some degree.

If anyone would like to contact me I can be reached at billrathbun@hotmail.com

RE: proprietary security officer/team‏
From: Conway, Cindy(cconway@springsgov.com)
Sent: Thu 10/29/09 10:56 AM
To: Bill Rathbun (billrathbun@hotmail.com)
Good Morning -
The City Code defines the Contract Security Agency as a person or entity HIRED FOR FEE or CONSIDERATION by an entity or person to perform security services. I am providing a copy of the definition below. Additionally, I'm providing a copy of the definition previously identified for proprietary security. The main difference is the security is hired by a business itself and provides security services for the business's property ONLY, NOT for anyone outside of its own business.
The City has no regulatory oversight of proprietary agencies.
CONTRACT SECURITY AGENCY: Any person who, for a fee or other consideration, provides or agrees to provide the services of a private security officer on a contractual basis to another person or entity.

PROPRIETARY SECURITY ORGANIZATION: A business, which operates a security department which has as its general purpose the protection and security of the business's own property, and personnel and who does not offer or provide security services to any other person or entity.

Please let me know if I can answer any additional questions. Thank you.

Cindy N. Conway, CMC
Deputy City Clerk
phone (719) 385-5901

3:55 pm
December 6, 2009


Guest

posts

pflucier said:

I am in Colorado and we have had a security team in place at our church for about a year now.


I am in Longmont Colorado, and part of the team at our church. I would love to talk with others in the area about church security. You can contact me at ray@soundfirst.com

9:16 pm
December 6, 2009


brathbun

Guest

Follow up

C.R.S. title 18 is Colorado's criminal code title 16 is the code of criminal procedures.

Colorado Revised Statutes Title 16-3-201. Arrest by a private person. A person who is not a peace officer may arrest another person when any crime has been or is being committed by the arrested person in the presence of the person making the arrest."

This statute defines the legal right of private persons to make an arrest.

Since an arrest is the use of force against another you must only use that force that is reasonable under the circumtance.

A church or a church security team should avoid making arrests and only arrest as a last resort, as arrests and the use of force at church could be seen as a contradiction with the biblical peace making mission.

6:38 am
December 7, 2009


billrathbun

Guest

Need help in Colorado? Here it is.

I would like to share with you all the first two chapters of a proposed safety and security plan that I am working on for my church. I share my work with you freely, you have my permission to use any or all of it as long as you credit or acknowledge me for the work. This is a draft work it has not been proof read so there may be some errors I would accept any commints anyone would have.

SAFETY AND SECURITY

THE WRITTEN POLICIES OF

SUNNYSIDE CHRISTIAN CHURCH

A Colorado Non-Profit Corporation

THE GATEKEEPERS MINISTRY

Zechariah 9:8

"But I will defend my house against marauding forces. Never again will an oppressor overrun my people, for now I am keeping watch.” (NIV)

Sunnyside Christian Church

2025 N. Murray Blvd

Colorado Springs, CO 80915

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

PREFACE

WOLVES, SHEEP, AND THE GOOD SHEPHERD

DEVINE GUIDANCE

IDENTIFYING THE DANGERS

DANGERS THAT THREATEN A CHURCH

THE TIMES WE LIVE IN

THE NEED TO ACT

SUMMARY

DIVINE AUTHORITY

DEFINITIONS

LAWS AND REGULATIONS

PUBLIC POLICY STATEMENT

LEGAL DUTY

CHAPTER 2 THE SAFETY AND SECURITY PLAN

MISSION STATEMENT

GOALS

OBJECTIVES

BENEFITS

CONTENTS

LEADERSHIP STATEMENTS

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

PREFACE

Sunnyside Christian Church is a Bible believing nondenominational Christian Church. We believe the Bible is the living word of God, used to teach the will of God to all humans, and is a guide to all Christian believers in the ways of Christian living.

We believe the elders and ministers are appointed as chief stewards of Gods house and the Shepherd’s of Gods flock. We believe this appointment carries with it a great responsibility to safeguard all that which God has entrusted into our care; this includes all property, finances as well as the lives and well-being of those who enter into the house of our Lord.

In the animal world wolves are aggressive predators; they devour their prey and can fend for themselves. In the human world, thieves are metaphorically referred to as wolves because they too are predators that prey on people.

In the animal world, sheep are timid; they look for cover and protection, they cower in times of danger, they are communal. In the human world Christ referrers to his followers as sheep.

A good shepherd would not neglect his responsibility to an animal flock by allowing it to be devoured by wolves neither should a minister allow a thief to prey and terrorize the congregation which is Christ’s flock. A good example is King David who was the shepherd of his father’s sheep; a lion and a bear came and took a lamb out of the flock, he went out after it, struck it, and delivered the lamb from its mouth; when it arose against him, he caught it by its beard, struck it, and killed it.

DIVINE GUIDANCE

The book of Proverbs provides divine guidance and wisdom for us to live by; it instructs us on the conduct of a prudent person. A prudent person is a person who is wise and careful, one who uses forethought and caution before acting. For prudent people to act wisely and with forethought these people must have an understanding of the times in which they live and the dangers they face. In the first part of Proverbs 22:3 we are told that a prudent person foresees danger and avoids it. To foresee danger and the damages it causes is to recognize a threat or the warning signs of a threat. To avoid danger is to take action ahead of time, to protect against the threat, or to defend against it, or, being prepared to survive the threat afterwards. The Bible has taught us and therefore has forewarned us of the troubling times and the dangers facing the church that will precede the second coming of Christ, evil will increase, the earth will shake, death and destruction will abound. “But we prayed to our God and posted a guard day and night to meet this threat”. Nehemiah 4:9NIV

IDENTIFYING THE DANGERS

Danger as we know it is defined as someone or something that can cause injury, harm, or loss. It is not limited to physical injury to people or damage to property it also includes emotional distress and financial losses. The threats facing our church can be categorized as either “Natural” or “Manmade. These threats come from from three sources. First, there are the many natural physical forces in and around the earth such as earthquakes, floods, volcanoes, violent storms or droughts that causes famine, (1 Kings 19:11-13). Then there are the natural threats such as wild animals or the deadliest threats that are biological that create plagues, and last are the acts created by men doing evil both violent and non-violent. Jesus Christ told his disciples as recorded in Matthew 10:16 NIV Behold, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves. Therefore be wise as serpents and harmless as doves.” In addition, the disciple Paul warned us in the book of Philippians 3:2NIV "Beware of dogs, beware of evil workers, beware of those mutilators of the flesh!”

DANGERS THAT THREATEN THE CHURCH

Natural forces- Natural forces such as earthquakes, tornados, floods, droughts and the like, threaten every community on earth to one degree or another at some time and without much warning. While they can completely destroy buildings and cause massive death, and destruction they normally unite communities. Even though no defense is available to prevent these disasters, efforts can be taken to mitigate the losses and allow the church and the community to recover more quickly.

Plagues- Plagues are epidemic diseases normally biological in nature; they can take many forms such as pandemic flu virus, smallpox and the like, they can bring widespread death to communities and the church body. Today the world is facing threats from the avian and swine flu. As of October 2009 there have already been over one thousand deaths related to the swine flu in the United States alone with many of the deaths being young children.

Marauding forces: Crimes- The crimes committed by career type criminals, like drug dealers/users, street gangs and opportunists. The criminal acts that these people engage in are numerous they range from theft to murder. Some of the goals of these types of crimes are to intimidate, terrorize, instill fear, and impose power over people. When these people come, they come with armed force and they will not hesitate to kill or wound to get away.

Marauding forces are not the only threat of criminal activity facing the church today. In recent times, the church has been attacked from within by trusted individuals assigned to minister, teach, or conduct administrative duties as well as from distraught members of the congregation. The people that commit the most criminal acts in a church are “wolves dressed in sheep’s clothing”. They maybe members of the church that have taken advantage of an opportunity presented to them, many of them have suffered a severe hardship that has degraded their emotional and spiritual well being, most of them are volunteers and staff members.

THE TIMES WE LIVE IN

Crimes against churches are on the rise. On July 7, 2009 the organization known as the Christian Security Network (CSN) released the first of its kind report titled, “Churches At-Risk: Mid-Year Crime Report Highlights Loss of Life and Property”.

This report brings to life the reality of the times we live in today and some of the most serious threats facing American churches today. According to this report in the first six months of 2009, 472 incidents of criminal acts in 42 states were documented, and CSN believes this number is under reported by 4-5 times and is estimated to be a 10 fold increase since 2004. 17 of the incidents reported by Christian churches thus far in 2009 are classified as violent crimes; six of these violent acts have resulted in 23 deaths. Additionally, churches have lost more than $6.3 million in property loss due to burglary, theft, robbery, arson and vandalism. According to the report, burglaries accounted for 64 percent of the crimes against churches, a devastating blow for many churches already impacted by losses due to the economic downturn. Arson and general theft were the second and third most common crimes, accounting for 13 percent and 7 percent of the incidents respectively. These marauding forces are no longer the only threat facing the church; today the church is subject to civil litigation.

Civil lawsuits

At one time not so long ago churches benefited from statutory or judicial grants of immunity that shielded them from civil liability lawsuits; those days are quickly disappearing. Over the past twenty years, our country has seen an explosion in lawsuits against churches. 1984 saw the first lawsuit brought against a church for negligence concerning a minister who molested a child, now there are thousands of allegations of sexual abuse filed against churches every year. Statistics show that approximately 1 percent of all churches have been sued over acts of sexual abuse or misconduct.

Today a full spectrum of lawsuits is regularly being filed against churches for everything from property disputes to misappropriation of church funds to slip and fall injuries to work place harassment; each with the potential to bring multimillion-dollar judgments or settlements. The top lawsuits filed against churches today are civil suits based on:

(a) Negligence based on premises liability (Slip and fall, inadequate security, negligent hiring of employees, negligent supervision of employees)

(b) Sexual harassment and misconduct

(c) Property disputes

(d) Defamation

(e) Disclosure of confidential information

Of all of the possible threats that can harm the church, two of the greatest threats, involve a “Breach of Trust” and “False Accusations” as these acts attack the core values of a church and can cause great emotional distress to all involved.

FALSE ACCUSATIONS

False accusations are more than just lies; they are complaints that lead to criminal charges and civil lawsuits. These claims of wrongdoing are incredibly devastating and can even be life threatening. The most common false accusations involve acts of a sexual nature. A false accusation puts an innocent person on the wrong side of the law and forces that person to prove his innocence. Most of the time it is impossible to prove innocence as there was an “opportunity” and no witnesses. When a person is falsely accused, it places that person in a highly emotional state of mind that can perpetuate extreme reactions ranging from rage to suicide. It will most often lead to domestic relationship trauma, that can perpetuate domestic violence and then to a divorce, bankruptcy, depression, and can end in suicide or murder/suicide.

FEAR

Fear is one of humanities strongest emotions. Fear triggers the fight or flight response for the human body to survive danger. Fear can also be one of the greatest enemies of humanity; this is because fear can cause extreme emotional distress; this stress can causes people to act irrationally to a nonexistent threat or to a perceived threat. Perception can distort reality.

THE NEED TO ACT

The city government of Colorado Springs is under extreme financial duress and forced to make cuts to all city services including police and fire. That means extended response times answering calls. This in turn allows more time for criminal activities and provides less protection to so called “soft targets”

Our nation has been at war for over eight years fighting against international terrorists with no foreseeable end. Our nation has developed a public safety policy, warning everyone to prepare for all emergencies. Emergency agencies at all levels of government have warned us that during large disasters public services may be delayed and to prepare for such situations.

Every day, people are subjected to acts of violence and every day the news reports on these stories repeatedly, thus straining the emotional well-being of people in our community. Feelings of safety and being secure from the dangers of life are basic physical and emotional needs of all humans; they are necessary for each of us to be at peace and to have tranquility. To the vast majority of people a “Church” represents a refuge, a safe haven, and a sanctuary from the troubles of this world. If the people in our communities including the church congregation perceive they are in danger when they visit the church, attendance will suffer greatly.

The dangers facing the church today have been identified and the threat is real. Thirty years ago the threats from criminal acts and civil suits represented a very small risk to churches and their community, but now these attacks are not just acts that impact a local church body today these attacks have a direct and adverse impact on the community in which the church resides.

Today civil suits and criminal acts represent a clear and present danger to the survival of all churches everywhere and are a detriment to their communities. We have been warned of the dangers facing the church and the Bible has provided instructions on how to respond to these threats (1 Peter 5:8 "Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil walks about like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour." )NIV

Losses from crimes and civil suits are inevitable. However, the greatest harm from these acts is not the loss of money as most of the losses can be recovered from insurance. The greatest harm from criminal acts and civil suit are the psychological damage people suffer, as these people perceive harm or a threat of harm to be greater than it truly is, or who suffered a traumatic event and have become emotionally distraught over the event.

SUMMARY

The church will not be able to complete its mission to save souls if it cannot safeguard its own house.

DIVINE AUTHORITY

The authority of the church leadership to develop and implement a safety and security plan comes directly from our heavenly Father. Isaiah 52:1 Awake, awake, O Zion, clothe yourself with strength. Put on your garments of splendor, O Jerusalem, the holy city. The uncircumcised and defiled will not enter you again.”

The Bible gives us guidance in a way to deal with threats of harm and that is to be proactive, to take positive steps to mitigate and lessen the harm before a threat happens. One of the methods in which the Lord established this protection is found in the book of Nehemiah. Nehemiah rebuilt the wall of protection that surrounded the city of Jerusalem and in Chapter 7 verse 3 he appointed residents of Jerusalem as watchmen, some were posted in the watchtowers on the wall and others near their own houses. (A modern-day security guard) The gatekeepers numbered 172 men and stood watch at the gates. (Nehemiah 11:19)

The positive aspects and effectiveness of a security team to deter criminal activity are well known and well documented as security personnel are the front line defense to criminal activity. However, their effectiveness to mitigate the losses from civil lawsuits is limited.

Despite the best intentions and the best efforts of all, no act of “Man” can prevail over the evil desires of others. We need divine guidance and protection to prevail where “Man’s” shortcomings come to light. However, the duty to be wise stewards of Gods house is a calling that is only on the shoulders of the leadership of a church. Furthermore, God has empowered each of us to take charge of our lives and that which He has provided to us. While accidents and incidents can, and do happen, a comprehensive loss prevention program can be instrumental in reducing the occurrence and impact of serious accidents, injuries, and claims.

God has blessed each of us with special skills and He expects us to use our skills wisely. When a duty is imposed on the church and that duty interferes with the pastoral duties of the elders and pastors it is appropriate to appoint skilled workers to oversee such work, (see Acts 6:1-7).

As good stewards and good shepherds of Gods house it is necessary for Sunnyside Christian Church to take administrative action to safeguard the finances of the church and the welfare of all who enter into the house of the Lord.

As good stewards and good shepherds of Gods house Sunnyside Christian Church should enact a comprehensive written safety and security plan and appoint a team leader and a team of dedicated and trained church members to carry out the written directives of the church leadership, to minimize potential losses to the church and its people.

DEFINITIONS

Security: The state or feeling of being safe and protected.

Emergency: An unexpected and sudden event that must be dealt with urgently.

Disaster: An event that causes serious loss, destruction, hardship, unhappiness, or death.

Preparedness: State of full readiness- ready for action.

Safety: Protection from, or not being exposed to, the risk of harm or injury.

Hazards: Something that is potentially very dangerous.

Marauding forces: To rove around carrying out violent attacks or looking for plunder, or raid a place in search of plunder.

Danger: Somebody or something that may cause harm, injury, or loss.

Private Security Officer: A person employed or engaged by a private security agency to provide security services. This definition shall apply to the owner, agent or principal of a contract security agency who also performs security services for any contract security agency. (Colorado Springs City Code)

Proprietary Security Organization: A business, which operates a security department which has as its general purpose the protection and security of the business's own property, and personnel and who does not offer or provide security services to any other person or entity. (Colorado Springs City Code)

Security Services: Those services which include, but are not limited to, the prevention of burglary, robbery, theft, shoplifting, criminal mischief, arson, assault or trespass, and the observation, investigation, detection and/or reporting of incidents to prevent or deter any unlawful or unauthorized activity, the control, regulation or direction of the flow or movements of persons on private property, whether by vehicle, by foot or otherwise. (Colorado Springs City Code)

Foreseeability: is a statistical evaluation incorporating the type of premises, the crime demographics of the premises and its immediate vicinity, and the location of the crime or assault. Foreseeability weights "prior similar acts" most heavily in establishing whether a reasonable person would have anticipated the occurrence of such a crime, however courts are increasingly willing to consider a wider statistical framework that may include a history of complaints about premises security and any physical characteristics of the premises that, through deterioration or lack of upkeep or modernization, may invite criminal activity. For example, a 2 a.m. rape in the dark parking lot behind a nightclub has a high foreseeability factor relative to a similar crime in the well-lit stairwell at a retirement home.

LAWS/REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS

Colorado Revised Statutes

CRS 13-21-115 Colorado Premises Liability Statute

Colorado Department of Regulatory Agencies (DORA)

2006 Sunrise review “Private Security Companies and Private Security Guards”

Colorado Springs City Code

Chapter 2 Article 3 Part 2 “Private Security Services”

Colorado common law (case law)

The Restatement (Second) of Torts §344 Business Premises Open to Public: Acts of third Persons or Animals

A possessor of land who holds it open to the public for entry for his business purposes is subject to liability to members of the public while they are upon the land for such purpose, for physical harm caused by the accidental, negligent, or intentionally harmful acts of third persons or animals, and by the failure of the possessor to exercise reasonable care:

(a) Discover that such acts are being done or are likely to be done, or

(b) Give a warning adequate to enable the visitors to avoid the harm or otherwise to protect them against it.

(note f ….If the place or character of his business, or his past experience, is such that he should reasonably anticipate careless or criminal conduct on the part of third persons, either generally or at some particular time, he may be under a duty to take precautions against it and to provide a reasonably sufficient number of servants to afford a reasonable protection.

KERBY v. FLAMINGO CLUB 35 Colo. App. 127, 532 P.2d 975 Dec. 17, 1974

Duty of property owners to protect patrons extends to parking lot.

TACO BELL INC v. LANNON, 744 P.2d 43 Oct 5, 1987

The Colorado Supreme Court expanded the legal duty of property owners to protect patrons from criminal acts, they decided that property owners have a legal duty to take reasonable measures up to and including providing armed security personnel to protect patrons from the consequences of criminal acts by unknown third persons. (Note of caution added)

SCOTT V. MATLACK, No. 99SC414, 2002 WL 43222 (Colo. Jan. 14, 2002)

The Colorado Supreme Court decided that evidence of an employer's violations of OSHA rules is admissible in a personal injury lawsuit arising out of a workplace injury.

Governor of the State of Colorado, Bill Ritter, Jr.,

Executive Order # D 003 08 February 4, 2008 Governors Office of Homeland Security

Executive Order # D 023 09 October 7, 2009 Workplace Violence

United States Code

Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004, Public Law 108-458 Section 6402 of that Act (The Private Security Officer Employment Authorization Act of 2004)

29 USC § 654. Duties of employers and employees

(a) Each employer – (1) shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees; (2) shall comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under this chapter.

(b) Each employee shall comply with occupational safety and health standards and all rules, regulations, and orders issued pursuant to this chapter which are applicable to his own actions and conduct.

Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA)

29 CFR 1910.38(a) Emergency action plans

29 CFR 1910.39(a) Fire prevention plans

29 CFR 1910.157(c) Portable fire extinguishers

Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS)

"Preparedness is a shared responsibility and everyone—including businesses, universities, and non-profit organizations—has a role to play… Ensuring our private sector partners have the information and training they need to respond to disasters will strengthen our efforts to build a culture of preparedness nationwide."

Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Secretary Janet Napolitano today October 15, 2009 announced new proposed standards for a 9/11 Commission-recommended program for the private sector to improve preparedness for disasters and emergencies.

Homeland Security Presidential Directive 5

Homeland Security Presidential Directive 7

Homeland Security Presidential Directive 8

US Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Are You Ready? An In-depth Guide to Citizen Preparedness

GuideOne Insurance Company Safe Church Program

Church Mutual Insurance Company Safety Guides

Brotherhood Mutual Insurance Company

Colorado Governor's Office of Homeland Security

“Colorado's communities working together for a safer tomorrow. This vision intends that all of Colorado's citizens, private sector, non-governmental agencies, and public institutions make it their responsibility to work as one team to make our state safer as a result of our efforts in homeland security.

Colorado Springs Office of Emergency Management

Safety and Preparedness: Disasters can happen anywhere at any time. Being prepared and knowing what to do can greatly reduce the fear and anxiety that accompanies a disaster. Depending on the size and complexity of the disaster, local responders may not be able to reach you immediately. Remember that they still need to respond to day-to-day emergencies in addition to emergencies that are a result of the disaster. It may be necessary for you to be self-sufficient for three days or more. Preparedness is everyone's job – not just government agencies, but all sectors of society. Each individual should plan ahead for disasters.

PUBLIC POLICY STATEMENT

It is the public policy at all levels of government for all citizens, businesses, and communities TO CREATE EMERGENCY ACTION PLANS AND TO PREPARE FOR ALL HAZARDS.

6:50 am
December 7, 2009


billrathbun

Guest

Continued

LEGAL DUTY

There are two primary ways a legal duty can be imposed on a person in the United States, one is by statutory laws enacted by the governing bodies, and the other is by the Courts, also known as common law or case law. There are statutory laws that set minimum standards of conduct for safety from building and fire codes to transportation and even standards for worker safety, health, and welfare. There are statutes that require very specific safety precautions for businesses or property owners to provide to workers and guests who enter your property. There are even statutes that allow people to recover damages from businesses and property owners for negligent conduct for not providing reasonable precautions from known hazards.

Colorado statutory law (Colorado Revised Statutes; C.R.S. 13-21-115) permits people to sue property owners for negligent acts.

The Colorado Courts recognize the torts or claims of Negligent Security, Negligent Supervision, Negligent Hiring, and Negligent Training as a cause(s) of action(s).

The standard of care land owners owe to people on their property is the greatest when the property is open to the public and the Colorado Supreme Court defined and set the standard of care to a very high legal standard in the case of TACO BELL INC v. LANNON, 744 P.2d 43 Oct 5, 1987. The ruling of the Court said it is reasonable for a property owner to take specific precautionary actions up to and including the use of armed security personnel to safe guard its property to reduce criminal activity for the safety of its patrons.

The Colorado Supreme Court ruling in TACO BELL INC v. LANNON, 744 P.2d 43 Oct 5, 1987 does not impose a mandatory duty for every business to have security personnel (armed or unarmed). As the need to provide security is still based on the foreseeable standard of criminal acts and not on the probability of such acts. The Court stated, “The repetition of criminal activity, regardless of its mix may be sufficient to place the property owners on notice that personal injury, not merely property loss will result.”

However; as long as TACO BELL INC v. LANNON, 744 P.2d 43 Oct 5, 1987 remains current law in the Courts of Colorado, the standard of care owed to people who visit places open to the public will remain at an all time high.

The Colorado Courts can and may impose liability on an owner if the owner or a designee has knowledge of or should have knowledge a potential risk and fails to take the proper precautions up to and including armed security personnel to avoid injury to others.

The Colorado Courts can and may impose liability on an owner if the owner fails to apply the newly purposed standards of emergency preparedness from the US Department of Homeland Security.

CHAPTER 2 THE SAFETY AND SECURITY PLAN

MISSION STATEMENT

The spiritual mission of Sunnyside Christian Church is to save the souls of its members and the souls of those who live in our community. This mission requires us to be wise stewards and good shepherds of the resources given to us by our heavenly Father; the greatest of these resources are the people themselves. Without people, we cannot exist, therefore the physical needs of our people to be safe and healthy at their work and at the place of worship is critical to the spiritual mission of this church.

GOALS

The primary goal of Sunnyside’s Safety and Security Plan is to preserve and safeguard all of the resources (humans, physical property, and financial) available to the leadership and congregation of this church in order to fulfill the spiritual mission of this church, which is to “Save Souls”.

The secondary goal of the Sunnyside’s Safety and Security Plan is to limit the potential losses to both the financial reserves of the church and to the health and welfare of all who enter Gods house.

OBJECTIVES

To identify the critical threats that poses a significant risk to the church.

To establish a church safety coordinator

To establish a safety/security team

To implement an active loss prevention program to mitigate any losses should something happen.

To define the duties and responsibilities of the staff, the team leader, the team, and the volunteers who work with or at Sunnyside Christian Church.

To provide training to staff, volunteers, and members who work with or at Sunnyside Christian Church.

To provide the members of this church with educational information and resources so that they may be better equipped to safeguard their families and homes.

BENEFITS

A comprehensive Safety and Security Plan will assist Sunnyside Christian Church to:

(a) Fulfill its moral and legal responsibilities to protect its employees, volunteer’s members, guests, and the environment.

(b) Enhance the churches ability to recover from financial losses, damages to equipment or business interruption.

(c) Reduce exposure to civil or criminal liability in the event of an incident or of false accusations.

(d) Enhance the image and credibility within the community with its employees, volunteers, members, and guests.

(e) Facilitate compliance with regulatory requirements of Federal, State and local agencies.

(f) It may help to reduce insurance premiums.

LEADERSHIP STATEMENTS

The leadership team here at Sunnyside Christian Church recognizes that safety and security is a duty of every person, whether they are at work, home, and school or at play. We also recognize our duty to safeguard the house of our Lord and therefore the need exists to have an administrative assistant assigned to implement the Safety and Security policies enacted by the elders.

The Sunnyside Christian Church, Safety and Security Plan is comprised of multipurpose, written policies, and procedures designed to guide the elders, ministers, staff, volunteers, and members of Sunnyside Christian Church, to establish a safer environment to work and worship in during these troubling times.

The Sunnyside Christian Church Safety and Security Plans would be designed to be a Plan of Action, to guide the church “Before” “During” and “After” any foreseeable emergency.

CONTENTS

The Safety and Security Plan will address and shall not be limited to the following areas:

(a) Loss prevention

(b) Child safety

(c) Physical security

(d) Workplace safety

(e) Personal safety

(f) Natural disaster response

(g) Hazardous material reduction

(h) Emergency communication

(i) Fire safety

(j) Fraud prevention

(k) Transportation safety

6:04 am
January 5, 2013


sdfasd

Guest

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6:05 am
January 5, 2013


sdfasd

Guest

Herms does not sell its handbags online or to online retailers.birkin bag. Authentic Birkin bags are sometimes available on auction websites such as eBay, though often at a very high markup over the retail price. hermes birkin bag.It is also possible to acquire a used Birkin bag at couture-consignment shops. In Plum Sykes' novel Bergdorf Blondes (2004), the character Julie Bergdorf steals a Birkin from her family's store, Bergdorf Goodman, to avoid a three-year wait, although in reality Birkins are only sold by Herms, are not available (as claimed in the novel) in pink with fur trim, and probably would not require such a long wait for a socialite like her.hermes birkin replica.Herms handbags have been noted for being one of the few brands of handbag to either hold or increase in value with time, giving them the distinction of being considered by some as "investment quality" products. Author Michael Tonello in his book, Bringing Home The Birkin, published by William Morrow in 2008, shares his experiences buying and selling the Birkin Bag on eBay. He recounts how he acquired Birkin Bags in Spain and France and became a powerhouse eBay seller until Hermes refused to sell him anymore Birkins.Hermes Birkin Bag Replica. The book provides an insiders peek at the mystique of this exclusive accessory.
Herms Birkin handbags are hand-built by experienced craftsmen, one of the primary factors contributing to the high price of all Herms handbags. The production of each bag may take up to 48 work hours, translating into weeks. hermes clic clac.They are distributed worldwide to Herms boutiques on intentionally unpredictable schedules and in even fewer reliable quantities, creating a sense of scarcity and exclusivity around the product.

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